Biology, principles and explorations
Grades: 9 10 11 12
Publisher: Holt, Rinehart and Winston
Animals. Biodiversity. Cells. Ecology. Evolution. Genetics. Human body. Life Science. Plants.
Curriculum programs; Teacher guides; Tests and assessments; Textbooks.
This textbook package, developed for grades 9 to 12, takes a comprehensive look at biology and provides a complete package of ancillary materials for teacher use. The materials are organized using a flexible plan, allowing the teacher to pick and choose chapters according to customized learning sequences. Elements found in the student text include features on ethical issues and real-world applications, as well as connections to health, diet, technology, and other subject areas. At the end of each chapter there are problems and questions requiring different levels of critical thinking skills. Accompanying laboratory exercises require students to design their own experiment based on CD-ROM information, or to design an experiment that teaches a new laboratory technique.
Activities and strategies are presented in the teacher's edition to help the instructor choose lesson plans that incorporate multicultural strategies and accommodate different learning styles. The teacher's edition presents each chapter with warm-up activities to interest students, ideas on teaching the chapter material, possible assessment options, and discussion points to tie the chapter together. Additional booklets support instruction and offer a variety of tools, from reproducible student worksheets and assessments to activities and laboratory exercises designed to develop inquiry skills. (Author/SSD/JG)
Table of Contents:
Program resources overview
Alternative courses of study and pacing the course
Text organization and features
Skills support and extension
Annotated teacher's edition organization and features
National science education standards correlation
Running a safe lab program
Master materials list
Unit 1. Principles of cell biology
1. Biology and you
1. Themes of biology
2. Biology in your world
Exploring further: biologists as work
3. The scientific process
Math lab: evaluating the effectiveness of insecticides
Quick lab: what is the pH of some common substances?
Data lab: analyzing experimental design
Experimental design: how does acid rain affect seeds?
2. Chemistry of life
1. Nature of matter
2. Water and solutions
3. Chemistry of cells
Food watch: foods as fuel
4. Energy and chemical reactions
Data lab: analyzing the effect of pH on enzyme activity
Experimental design: do enzyme detergents work?
3. Cell structure
1. Looking at cells
2. Cell features
3. Cell organelles
Tech watch: laser microsurgery
Math lab: calculating surface area and volume
Lab techniques: studying animal cells and plant cells
4. Cells and their environment
1. Passive transport
2. Active transport
Health watch: myasthenia gravis
Quick lab: under what conditions does osmosis occur?
Data lab: analyzing the effect of electrical charge on ion transport
Experimental design: how does the size of a cell affect diffusion?
5. Photosynthesis and cellular respiration
1. Energy and living things
3. Cellular respiration
Health watch: how carbon monoxide kills
Quick lab: do photosynthetic organisms give off oxygen?
Interactive exploration: photosynthesis
6. Chromosomes and cell reproduction
Health watch: prenatal testing
2. The cell cycle
Exploring further: normal cells can become cancer cells
3. Mitosis and cytokinesis
What are chromosomal mutations?
What do mitosis and cytokinesis look like?
Math lab: calculating the number of cells resulting from mitosis
Experimental design: how can you model mitosis?
Unit 2. Principles of genetics
7. Meiosis and sexual reproduction
Health watch: egg cells and toxins
2. Sexual reproduction
Exploring further: cloning by parthenogenesis
How can you model crossing-over?
How do yeast reproduce?
Experimental design: how can you model meiosis?
8. Mendel and heredity
1. The origins of genetics
2. Mendel's theory
3. Studying heredity
Exploring further: crosses that involve two traits
4. Patterns of heredity can be complex
Health watch: genetic counseling
Calculating Mendel's ratios
Predicting the results of crosses using probabilities
Quick lab: do you have dominant or recessive traits?
Analyzing a test cross
Evaluating a pedigree
Interactive exploration: cystic fibrosis
9. DNA: the genetic material
1. Identifying the genetic material
2. The structure of DNA
3. The replication of DNA
Quick lab: how can you extract DNA from onion cells?
Math lab: analyzing the rate of DNA replication
Experimental design: how can you model DNA structure?
10. How proteins are made
1. From genes to proteins
2. Gene regulation and structure
Exploring further: jumping genes
Tech watch: gene sequencing
How does transcription occur?
How can you represent introns and exons?
Data lab: decoding the genetic code
Experimental design: how can you model protein synthesis?
11. Gene technology
1. Genetic engineering
2. Genetic engineering in medicine and society
Tech watch: Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)
3. Genetic engineering in agriculture
Exploring further: a breakthrough in cloning
Quick lab: how can you model gel electrophoresis?
Data lab: interpreting a DNA fingerprint
Lab techniques: modeling genetic engineering
Unit 3. Principles of evolution
12. History of life on Earth
1. How did life begin?
2. Complex organisms developed
Exploring further: why endosymbiosis?
3. Life invaded the land
How can you model radioactive decay?
How can you model coacervates?
Data lab: analyzing signs of endosymbiosis
Lab techniques: making a timeline of life on Earth
13. The theory of evolution
1. The theory of evolution by natural selection
2. Evidence of evolution
Exploring further: the rate of evolution
3. Examples of evolution
Quick lab: how can you model natural selection?
Math lab: analyzing change in lizard populations
Lab techniques: modeling natural selection
14. Human evolution
1. The evolution of primates
2. Early hominids
3. The genus Homo
Tech watch: human history in our cells
Quick lab: how are binocular vision and the ability to grasp advantages?
Data lab: analyzing hominid evolution
Lab techniques: comparing hominid skulls
15. Classification of organisms
1. Categories of biological classification
2. How biologists classify organisms
Exploring further: cladograms
Quick lab: how do you use a field guide?
Analyzing taxonomy of mythical organisms
Making a cladogram
Experimental design: how do you make a dichotomous key?
Unit 4. Principles of ecology
1. How populations grow
Health watch: population pyramids
2. How populations evolve
Exploring further: using the Hardy-Weinberg equation
Quick lab: how can you demonstrate the Hardy-Weinberg principle?
Math lab: building a normal distribution curve
Experimental design: how does natural selection affect a population?
1. What is an ecosystem?
2. Energy flow in ecosystems
3. Ecosystems cycle materials
Food watch: sustainable agriculture
How can you determine biodiversity around your home?
How can you model succession?
How does an ecosystem change over time?
18. Biological communities
1. How organisms interact in communities
2. How competition shapes communities
3. Major biological communities
Exploring further: estuaries
Analyzing how predation affects a plant species
Altering an organism's fundamental niche
Quick lab: what factors influence the cooling of the Earth's surface?
Experimental design: how do brine shrimp select a habitat?
19. Human impact on the environment
1. Global change
2. Ecosystem damage
3. Solving environmental problems
Exploring further: why pollution is profitable
Quick lab: how can you observe the greenhouse effect?
Lab techniques: studying population growth
Unit 5. Exploring diversity
20. Introduction to the kingdoms of life
1. Simple unicellular organisms
Exploring further: domains of life
2. Advent of multicellularity
3. Kingdoms of plants and animals
Quick lab: how can you model true multicellularity?
Lab techniques: surveying kingdom diversity
21. Viruses and bacteria
Health watch: interrupting HIV replication
Up close: AIDS virus
Exploring further: the gram reaction
Up close: Escherichia coli
Data lab: identifying pathogenic bacteria
Lab techniques: staining and observing bacteria
1. Characteristics of protists
2. Protist diversity
Up close: paramecium
3. Protists and health
Health watch: making a malaria vaccine
Quick lab: what are some characteristics of diatoms?
Data lab: interpreting competition among protists
Experimental design: how do protozoans respond to light?
1. Characteristics of fungi
2. Fungal diversity
Up close: mushroom
3. Fungal partnerships
Exploring further: lichens as environmental watchdogs
Quick lab: what are some characteristics of bread mold?
Data lab: analyzing the effect of mycorrhizae
Experimental design: how can mold growth be inhibited?
Unit 6. Exploring plants
24. Introduction to plants
1. Adaptations of plants
2. Kinds of plants
3. Plants in our lives
Health watch: vegetarian diets
Under what conditions are stomata open?
When is a vegetable a fruit?
Data lab: analyzing the effect of climate on plants
Lab techniques: surveying plant diversity
25. Plant reproduction
1. Sexual reproduction in seedless plants
2. Sexual reproduction in seed plants
Food watch: bees help feed the world
3. Asexual reproduction
Up close: kalanchoe
What does a fern gametophyte look like?
Where are the gametophytes of pines found?
How are the parts of a flower arranged?
How do nutrients affect vegetative reproduction?
26. Plant structure and function
1. The vascular plant body
Exploring further: C subscript 3 versus C subscript 4 leaves
2. Transport in plants
Up close: sugar maple
How does the internal structure of roots and stems differ?
What structures are found inside a leaf?
Data lab: inferring the rate of transpiration
Lab techniques: separating plant pigments
27. Plant growth and development
1. How plants grow and develop
Up close: bread wheat
Tech watch: plant tissue culture
2. Regulating plant growth and development
Exploring further: plant hormones and agriculture
Quick lab: how does ethylene affect a plant?
Data lab: Interpreting annual rings
Math lab: analyzing the effect of cold on seed germination
Lab techniques: comparing bean and corn seedlings
Unit 7. Exploring invertebrates
28. Introduction to animals
1. Animals: features and body plans
Exploring further: from zygote to gastrula
2. Animal body systems
Quick lab: how is symmetry recognized?
Data lab: exploring the animal kingdom
Math lab: calculating filtration rate in the human kidney
Lab techniques: surveying invertebrate diversity
29. Simple invertebrates
Exploring further: life on a coral reef
3. Flatworms and roundworms
Up close: planarian
Math lab: using the microscope to estimate size
Quick lab: how does a planarian locate food sources?
Data lab: identifying parasites
Experimental design: how do hydras respond to stimuli?
30. Mollusks and annelids
Food watch: eating mollusks safely
Up close: earthworm
Health watch: leeches make a comeback
How can you model an open circulatory system?
How can you model a closed circulatory system?
Data lab: modifications of the mollusk body plan
Lab techniques: observing characteristics of clams
1. Features of arthropods
Tech watch: high-tech flea control
2. Spiders and other arachnids
Up close: brown recluse spider
3. Insects and their relatives
Up close: Eastern lubber grasshopper
Quick lab: what advantage do jointed appendages provide?
Analyzing the effects of pesticide use
Relating molting to mortality rates
Experimental design: how do pill bugs respond to stimuli?
32. Echinoderms and invertebrate chordates
Up close: sea star
Health watch: monitoring water quality
2. Invertebrate chordates
Data lab: determining how predators affect the balance of prey species
Quick lab: how do the notochord and nerve cord compare in structure?
Lab techniques: comparing echinoderm and chordate development
Unit 8. Exploring vertebrates
33. Introduction to vertebrates
1. Vertebrates spread from the sea to the land
2. Vertebrates adapt to terrestrial living
Exploring further: La Brea tar pits
Data lab: using timelines and phylogenetic trees
Math lab: comparing the surface area of gills
Interactive exploration: evolution of the heart
34. Fishes and amphibians
1. The fish body
2. Today's fishes
Up close: yellow perch
Up close: leopard frog
Data lab: analyzing a graph
Quick lab: how can you model the action of a swim bladder?
Lab techniques: observing a live frog
35. Reptiles and birds
1. The reptilian body
Exploring further: the amniotic egg
2. Today's reptiles
Up close: timber rattlesnake
3. Characteristics and diversity of birds
Up close: bald eagle
Data lab: identifying ectotherms
Quick lab: how does watertight skin benefit reptiles?
Math lab: calculating average bone density
Experimental design: what causes anole lizards to change color?
1. The mammalian body
Up close: grizzly bear
2. Today's mammals
Food watch: selecting dairy products
Quick lab: is mammalian hair a good insulator?
Data lab: comparing gestation periods
Lab techniques: exploring mammalian characteristics
37. Animal behavior
1. Evolution of behavior
2. Types of behavior
Tech watch: tracking animal movements by satellite
How can you recognize learned behavior?
When do crickets exhibit territorial behavior?
Lab techniques: studying nonverbal communication
Unit 9. Exploring human biology
38. Introduction to body structure
1. Body organization
2. Skeletal system
3. Muscular system
4. Skin, hair, and nails
Tech watch: courtroom science
Quick lab: under what conditions can muscle activity continue?
Interactive exploration: life span and lifestyle
39. Circulatory and respiratory systems
1. The circulatory system
Health watch: blood doping
2. The heart
Exploring further: what is a heart attack?
3. The respiratory system
Can you map the valves in veins?
What is the role of bicarbonate in homeostasis?
Math lab: calculating the amount of air respired
Lab techniques: determining lung capacity
40. Digestive and excretory systems
1. Your body's need for food
Health watch: eating disorders
Exploring further: kidney dialysis
Data lab: analyzing the nutrition of your diet
Quick lab: how does bile work?
Experimental design: how can you improve lactose digestion?
41. The body's defenses
1. Nonspecific defenses
2. Immune response
3. Disease transmission and prevention
4. Disorders of the immune system
Health watch: asthma
Quick lab: how can you observe antigen activity?
Data lab: studying the spread of AIDS
Lab techniques: simulating disease transmission
42. Nervous system
1. Neurons and nerve impulses
2. Structures of the nervous system
Health watch: spinal cord injury
3. Sensory systems
4. Drugs and the nervous system
Data lab: analyzing changes during a nerve impulse
Quick lab: how can you demonstrate your blind spot?
Interactive exploration: drug addiction
43. Hormones and the endocrine system
2. How hormones work
Health watch: anabolic steroids are dangerous
3. The major endocrine glands of the body
Health watch: hormones and body fat
Quick lab: how can you model negative feedback?
Math lab: analyzing blood-sugar regulation after eating different meals
Experimental design: how does epinephrine affect heart rate?
44. Reproduction and development
1. Male reproductive system
2. Female reproductive system
Tech watch: ultrasound imaging
4. Sexually transmitted diseases
Data lab: analyzing hormone secretion in ovarian and menstrual cycles
Interactive exploration: meiosis, down syndrome
Reference and skills appendix
Reading and study skills
Becoming an active reader
Analyzing word parts
Using the interactive explorations
Safe laboratory practices
Using a compound light microscope
Determining mass and temperature
Math and problem-solving skills
A six-kingdom system of classification
[Assessment item listing:]
1. Effect of acid rain on trout populations
2. Identifying dominant and recessive traits
3. Diffusion through a cell membrane
4. Testing pond water for carbon dioxide
5. Fermentation by yeast
6. Testing enzyme activity in seeds
7A. Exploring invertebrates
7B. The challenge of water retention
8. Testing human digestive enzymes
Supplemental files (on CD-ROM)
1. Cell structure and function
1. Science and processes
2. Cell components
4. Homeostasis and cellular transport
5. Energy and metabolism
8. Cell reproduction
1. Mendel and fundamental genetics
2. DNA structure and processes
3. Gene expression
4. Genetic technology
5. Human genetics
1. Origin of life
2. Theory of evolution
3. History of life
4. Human evolution
6. Animal behavior
4. Environmental issues
5. Physical geography: climate and weather
5. Viruses, bacteria, protists, and fungi
1. Plant evolution
2. Plant structure and function
3. Plant reproduction
4. Plant growth and development
5. Uses of plants
1. Invertebrate evolution
2. Animal development
5. Simple worms
9. Vertebrate evolution
8. Human biology
1. Skeleton, muscles, and skin
2. Circulatory system
3. Respiratory system
4. Digestive system and nutrition
5. Excretory system
6. Immune system
7. Nervous system and senses
8. Hormones and the endocrine system
9. Reproduction and development
Test generator with ExamView software
Editable lesson plans and PDF versions with links to chapter resources
Printable student worksheets and chapter tests
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Description: 1 student text (hardbound)
Description: 1 teacher's text (hardbound)
Description: 1 teaching resources
Description: 1 chapter tests (paperback)
Description: 1 student review guide (paperback)
Description: 1 directed reading worksheets (paperback)
Description: 1 vocabulary worksheets (paperback)
Description: 1 science skills worksheets (paperback)
Description: 1 concept mapping worksheets (paperback)
Description: 1 active reading guide (paperback)
Description: 1 critical thinking review worksheets (paperback)
Description: 1 pretests (paperback)
Description: 1 assessment item listing (paperback)
Description: 1 videodiscs correlation guide (paperback)
Description: 1 Spanish resources
Description: 1 CD-ROM (Macintosh/Windows)
Holt, Rinehart and Winston
|Authors: George B Johnson; Peter H Raven.|
Macintosh--Macintosh; Power Macintosh; Mac OS 7.1.2; 4.5 MB RAM; 10 MB hard-disk space; printer.
Windows--IBM or compatible computer; 486 or Pentium processor; Microsoft Windows 95, 98, or NT; 10 MB RAM (16 MB for Windows NT); 14 MB hard-disk space; printer.
1 student text (xxv, 1096 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm.)
1 teacher's text (approximately 1160 pages : color illustrations ; 29 cm.)
1 chapter tests (iv, 152 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.)
1 student review guide (vi, 290 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.)
1 directed reading worksheets (iv, 212 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 vocabulary worksheets (iv, 76 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 science skills worksheets (54 pages : illustrations ; 27 cm.)
1 concept mapping worksheets (66 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 active reading guide (x, 230 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 critical thinking review worksheets (viii, 103 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 pretests (iv, 204 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 assessment item listing (viii, 1063 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 videodiscs correlation guide (xx, 228 pages ; 27 cm.)
1 CD-ROM (Macintosh/Windows : color ; 4.75 in.)
1 Spanish resource set
1 set of transparencies (160 sheets : color illustrations ; 30 cm.)
1 worksheets answer key (35 pages ; 30 cm.)
1 chapter study zones (65 pages ; 30 cm.)
22 audio CDs (each, 60 min. ; 4.75 in.)
Record Created: 01/06/2003 Last Modified: 04/14/2005